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Woody > Laurus > Laurus nobilis > Laurus nobilis

Laurus nobilis


Bay Laurel




Origin:  The Mediterranean region.
Family
Lauraceae
Genus
Laurus
Species
nobilis
Category
Woody
Type
Tree (evergreen), Shrub (evergreen)
Pronunciation
USDA Hardiness Zone
8
Canadian Hardiness Zone
7b - 8a
RHS Hardiness Zone
H4 - H5
Temperature (°C)
-12-(-7)
Temperature (°F)
10 - 20
Height
3 - 18 m
Spread
2 - 6 m
Photographs
Description and Growing Information
Flowering Period
MarchAprilMay
General Description
Laurus nobilis or Bay Laurel is an aromatic, broadleaf evergreen tree or shrub used as an aromatic herb.
Landscape
A good winter interest or specimen plant for shady locations. Can be grown as a screen and makes a very good house plant.
Cultivation
Grow in full sun to part shade, in rich, moderately moist, well-drained soil. In less temperate climates, grow in containers that can be taken inside before the autumn frost for overwintering. Keep in a cool place with lots of light. Shape can be easily manipulated with pruning. Usually not grown taller than 2.5 m for garden use.
Shape
Pyramidal.
Growth
Medium
Pests
No serious pests or diseases of note. Occasional problems include: mealybugs, spider mites, powdery mildew and anthracnose. Scale can also be problematic, particularly on indoor plants.
Leaf Description
Fragrant, leathery, glossy, thick, broadly lanceolate, dark green, 5 - 10 cm long.
Flower Description
Insignificant, yellowish-green, dioecious (separate male and female trees).
Fruit Description
Purple-black berries with a single seed.
Notable Specimens
The A.M. Cuddy Gardens, Strathroy, Ontario, Canada.
Ethnobotanical Uses (Disclaimer)
Leaves commonly used as an aromatic culinary herb. Used in ancient Greece to fashion crowns worn by athletic or martial victors.
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