Stone Pine, or Umbrella Pine
I wish I could grow this tree in Southern Ontario as I love its broad, bold form when grown in the open and alone as pictured here growing along the shoreline of southern Portugal.
|Globe to broad umbrella-like at maturity.|
|The Mediterranean region in Southern Europe, North Africa, and the Levant.|
|The bark is thick, red-brown and deeply fissured into broad vertical plates.|
|The flexible mid-green leaves are needle-like, in fascicles of two, and are 10-20 cm long. Young trees up to 5-10 years old bear juvenile leaves, which are very different, single (not paired), 2-4 cm long and glaucous blue-green.|
|The cones are broad ovoid, 8-15 cm long, and take 36 months to mature, longer than any other pine. The seeds are large, 2 cm long, pale brown with a powdery black coating that rubs off easily, and have a rudimentary 4-8 mm wing that falls off very early after dispersion.|