A year at Kew.
A journey of Michael Pascoe's academic sabbatical to England and his studies at Kew and the University of Sussex (2006-07).
Adelaide Botanic Garden (Australia)
In the heart of the city but another world away … Take time out to explore the beauty and diversity of plants from across Australia and around the world. Spend an hour or spend the day among the 50 hectares of magnificently maintained gardens and stunning architecture. Relax in the shade or enjoy a coffee among some of Australia’s finest plant collections.
All-America Rose Selections
All-America Rose Selections is a nonprofit association dedicated to the introduction and promotion of exceptional roses. The AARS runs the world's most challenging horticultural testing program, and consistently recognizes roses that will be easy to grow and require minimal care by today's busy homeowner.
Alpine Garden Society-England
The Alpine Garden Society was founded in 1929 with the aim of promoting an interest in all aspects of alpine plants, their cultivation in rock gardens and plant conservation in their natural habitats. We are one of the largest specialist garden societies in the world. Our membership includes amateur gardeners, plant enthusiasts, professional growers, botanists, naturalists, photographers and artists, as well as those who are just beginning to discover the fascination of alpines.
American Conifer Society-United States of America
The purposes of the American Conifer Society are the development, conservation, and propagation of conifers, with an emphasis on those that are dwarf or unusual, standardization of nomenclature, and education of the public.
American Public Gardens Association (APGA)-United States of America
Founded in 1940 as the American Association of Botanical Gardens and Arboreta, the American Public Gardens Association (APGA) adopted a new name in 2006. Over the last six decades, the APGA has emerged as the premiere association for public gardens in North America. Today, APGA's 500 member institutions are located in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Canada and seven other countries. The Association's individual members live in every state, the District of Columbia, Canada, and 24 other countries. The APGA is committed to increasing the knowledge of public garden professionals throughout North America through information sharing, professional development, networking, public awareness, and research so they have the tools to effectively serve visitors and members.
Andean Botanical Information System-South America
The Andean Botanical Information System (ABIS) presents information from floristic and systematic investigations of the flowering plants (phanerogams) of Andean South America. Topics include selected geographic regions and groups of Andean plants, flora of coastal Peru and Chile, floristic inventories from a variety of habitats in northern Peru, bibliographic resources, and searchable databases.
Arctic Biodiversity Portal-Artic Council (world)
Coordinating biodiversity monitoring across the Arctic The Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program is the “network of networks” coordinating the hundreds of marine, terrestrial, freshwater and coastal monitoring programs in the Arctic. It gathers, integrates, analyzes and reports data to inform policy.
Argotti Botanic Garden-Malta
At present Argotti maintains the national herbarium and a diverse botanical collection that includes a Mediterranean section. Argotti Botanic Gardens & Resource Centre is also involved in teaching and research activities with various departments including the Department of Biology, Department of Conservation & Built Heritage, Department of Architecture & Urban Design and Institute of Earth Systems. Research projects have focused on plant conservation, ecology and bioactive plants extracts. Additionally, the gardens have served as an open classroom for primary and secondary schools. Argotti is the Commonwealth's third oldest botanical garden.
Arnold Arboretum-United States of America
The Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University achieves excellence in scholarship and contributes to the advancement of society as an international center for the study of plants. Integrating eminent living and archival collections for discovery and dissemination of knowledge to the students of Harvard University, local educational institutions, and the public, the Arnold Arboretum is a premier destination for deepening understanding and appreciation of plants, horticulture, and biodiversity.
Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants-United States of America
The Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants is a joint effort by the Institute for Systematic Botany, the University of South Florida and the Florida Center for Community Design and Research to provide users with a comprehensive searchable database of vascular plants in the State of Florida.
Atlas of Living Australia
The Atlas of Living Australia (Atlas) contains information on all the known species in Australia aggregated from a wide range of data providers: museums, herbaria, community groups, government departments, individuals and universities.
Australian National Botanic Gardens Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research
One single database, the Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS), is used for all these activities. This allows linking of names, photographs, herbarium specimens and living plants.
Australian Native Plant Society
This Guide presents detailed information on a range of Australian plants - Acacia, Banksia, Grevillea, Callistemon, Eremophila, Leptospermum, Melaleuca, Kangaroo Paws and many others. Click on the following links for further information on the natural distribution, cultivation, propagation and of the indicated genera and families.
Australian Plant Society
The Australian Plants Society NSW Ltd (ABN 87 002 680 408) is a non-profit, independent, incorporated community organisation with members in NSW and overseas. Enjoy Australian native plants with over 20 friendly groups in NSW.
Bean's Trees and Shrubs-England
For the past century W J Bean’s Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles has been the pre-eminent reference to woody plants hardy in Britain and Ireland, usually referred to by gardeners simply as ‘Bean’. First published in 1914, it was updated regularly until the Eighth Edition, brought out in four volumes during the 1970s. The text from this edition and its Supplement by Desmond Clarke (1988) is being made freely available here by the International Dendrology Society.
Biodiversity Heritage Library
The Biodiversity Heritage Library improves research methodology by collaboratively making biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community.
Biological Collection Access Service-Europe
The Biological Collection Access Service for Europe, BioCASE, is a transnational network of biological collections of all kinds. BioCASE enables widespread unified access to distributed and heterogeneous European collection and observational databases using open-source, system-independent software and open data standards and protocols.
Boreal Forest Org.-Canada
The designation of Northwestern Ontario Forest Capital of Canada 2000 included a number of legacy projects, one of which was the Boreal Forest Website. The site was originally designed by Aki Peltonen (Stonehaven Innovations) and was modified and transferred to Lakehead University Faculty of Natural Resources Management in the spring of 2002. The site will continue to evolve with new additions such as international forestry and materials aimed at a young audiences.
Botanical (The) Society of America
The Botanical Society of America is a membership society whose mission is to: promote botany, the field of basic science dealing with the study and inquiry into the form, function, development, diversity, reproduction, evolution, and uses of plants and their interactions within the biosphere.
Botanical (The) Society of Britain and Ireland
The society traces its origins back to 1836, when it was founded as the Botanical Society of London. From its earliest days it has welcomed both professional and amateur members, and it remains the biggest and most active organisation devoted to the study of botany in the British Isles.
Botanical Cornwall Group-England
The group is a collaboration between, but not exclusive to, former local groups representing The Botanical Society of the British Isles and The British Pteridological Society (ferns). Some members also belong to other societies such as The Wild Flower Society and the British Bryological Society (mosses and liverworts) and belong to charities such as Plantlife.
Botanical Society of South Africa
The Society is a registered not for profit organization that has 30 000 members spread across the world. The Head Office of the Society is situated at Kirstenbosch where a small group of core personnel service and support the branches and manage projects along with the normal administration functions required by a large organization. By being a member of the Society one is part of a large group of individuals from around the world that support the mission and objectives of the Society.
British (The) Fuchsia Society
The first Annual of the Society was published in 1938 under the heading of THE FUCHSIA ANNUAL 1938. The official publication of THE FUCHSIA SOCIETY. However, it was during 1937 that the idea of a Fuchsia Society was born, when Clara Lady Boothby met several other Fuchsia enthusiasts, I therefore quote her opening Presidents Address to the Society published in the first Annual.
British Cactus and Succulent Society
If you have discovered the wonder and beauty of growing cacti or succulents, this site and this Society is the gateway for you to expand your collection and knowledge and join the enthusiastic throng of members who share your delight.
British Clematis Society
The British Clematis Society (BCS) exists to promote the cultivation and preservation of clematis. In particular, we aim to encourage all gardeners to grow and enjoy clematis - with the emphasis being on enjoy ! Use this site to find out where you can see clematis or perhaps use its advice to help you get the most from your garden plants
British Hemerocallis & Hosta Society
To increase knowledge about Hosta and Hemerocallis (daylilies), we, answer botanical and cultural queries, give advice on the control of pests and diseases, publish information concerning Hosta and Hemerocallis and operate a library service for literature.
British Iris Society
The British Iris Society was founded in 1922 by Iris enthusiasts whose interests were primarily to establish a forum for the exchange of views and knowledge of the genus. Over the years the society has attracted lovers of irises who wish to enjoy and share the delightful beauty of these flowers.
British Pteridological Society
The Society was founded in the Lake District in 1891 and soon became the focal point for fern enthusiasts throughout the British Isles. Today it continues to provide a wide range of information about ferns, through its website and forum and by publishing regular journals, leaflets and books, and organising formal talks, informal discussions and outdoor meetings.
Brooklyn Botanic Garden-United States of America
Brooklyn Botanic Garden is an urban botanic garden that connects people to the world of plants, fostering delight and curiosity while inspiring an appreciation and sense of stewardship of the environment. In the Garden, in its community, and well beyond, BBG inspires people of all ages through the conservation, display, and enjoyment of plants; with educational programs that emphasize learning by doing; and with research focused on understanding and conserving regional plants and plant communities.
CactiGuide.com went live on May 5, 2002. Once I had the basic architecture of CactiGuide.com built, the next step was to gather content. I started taking pictures of plants that grew wild around Southern California and those that I had growing in my back yard. I then visited local cactus nurseries and local botanical gardens that I knew had cactus collections. I've also visited the Desert Botanical Garden and the Boyce Thompson Arboretum in Arizona and the Southern Arizona cactus-filled parks: Saguaro and Organ Pipe Cactus. I have been fortunate to explore cacti in Baja California and hope that some day I might visit mainland Mexico, then Central America, and ultimately the countries of South America. Admittedly, these are lofty goals for a man of my means and they won't be realized for years. Hence, CactiGuide.com will continue to be a work-in-progress long into the future. Last, but not least, there have been many other cacti enthusiasts who have joined with me to help provide images and other information to help "complete" the guide sooner.
California Rare Fruit Growers-United States of America
Founded in 1968, the California Rare Fruit Growers (CRFG) is the largest amateur fruit-growing organization in the world. Its membership includes nationally recognized botanical gardens and noted international horticultural researchers, as well as hobbyists, commercial growers and representatives from institutions of higher learning
Cambridge University Botanic Garden-England
The Cambridge University Botanic Garden holds a plant collection of over 8000 plant species from all over the world to facilitate teaching and research. The Garden provides resources including plant material, horticultural expertise and facilities to research workers and lecturers.
Canada Plant Hardiness Zone Map
Nine zones indicate the areas where various trees, shrubs and flowers are most likely to survive. These zones are calculated based on average climatic conditions and altitude of each area. The harshest zone is 0 and the mildest is 8.
Canadian Biodiversity Website
Biologically, the world is an astoundingly diverse place. It contains tens of millions of species, only a fraction of which have been identified. Canada's diversity of lifeforms and ecosystems is also large. Its landforms range from rainforest to desert, with mountains and plains, and each has species adapted to the conditions present there. Despite this diversity of life and land, most people have little idea of how diverse the country really is.
Canadian Food Inspection Agency- Pests Regulated by Canada
In order to protect Canada's resource base the following pests are regulated. Pests in this list are linked to the policy directives that are available electronically from 1994 on, but some may also be referred to in directives dated prior to 1994. The list may be revised at any time.
Canadian Rose Society
This site is our link to all of Canada and the world. This country of ours is diverse, the second largest in the world after Russia, with 9 zones of plant hardiness. OUR MISSION STATEMENT? We want to interest the expert rosarian and help the novice.
Carolinian Canada Coalition
Since 1984, Carolinian Canada Coalition (CCC), now a registered charity, has been a leading ecoregional group in Canada. Stretching from Toronto to Windsor, the Carolinian Life Zone of southwestern Ontario is among North America's most vibrant and fragile ecoregions. CCC brings together diverse sectors, people and governments to collaboratively steward southwestern Ontario's unique habitat network, green infrastructure to support thriving wild and human communities in harmony for generations
Centre for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health-University of Georgia-United States of America
The mission of the Center for Invasive Species & Ecosystem Health is to serve a lead role in development, consolidation and dissemination of information and programs focused on invasive species, forest health, natural resource and agricultural management through technology development, program implementation, training, applied research and public awareness at the state, regional, national and international levels.
Centre for Middle Eastern Plants
The Centre for Middle Eastern Plants (CMEP) is an authority on the Middle Eastern environment. We work with local partners to tackle contemporary environmental challenges including sustainable development, biodiversity conservation, water conservation and climate change.
Chicago Botanic Garden-United States of America
To promote the enjoyment, understanding, and conservation of plants and the natural world.
Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines
Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines is actually a checklist of vascular plants native to the Philippine archipelago. Leonard Co worked his entire life updating the checklist produced by Merrill in the 1920s. As such, it is not an actual flora where one typically finds keys and descriptions of each species. Many species entries are also accompanied by other information such as distributions within and outside of the Philippines, flowering and fruiting times, and economic uses. We have called this a Digital Flora because the checklist is supplemented with thousands of photographs of the plants
Council of Heads of Australian Botanic Gardens
The Council of Heads of Australian Botanic Gardens Incorporated is a not-for-profit Association established for the purpose of supporting: -the protection, conservation and enhancement of Australian plants and their ecosystems -the provision of information and education and undertaking research about plants and plant communities
Cycad (The) Society-World
According to the IUCN - World Conservation Union’s Cycad Specialist Group, cycads represent one of the most threatened plant groups in the world. More than half of the 320+ species are threatened or endangered. As the motto above indicates, the Cycad Society (TCS) is dedicated to the conservation of cycads through the promotion of education and scientific research
The Cyclamen Society exists to encourage cultivation and conservation, and to disseminate and extend knowledge of the genus Cyclamen and its species, forms and cultivars. It combines scientific study with all the activities of a society for enthusiasts who cultivate the plants.
The primary aim of The Delphinium Society, which was established in 1928, is to promote the growing of delphiniums and larkspur by means of educational, instructional and advisory services to our members.
Digital (A) Flora of Newfoundland and Labrador Vascular Plants-Canada
The website is a co-operative project/partnership, involving a number of individual participants [see bottom of this page], some representing present or former parent institutions or agencies, others representing themselves. The website was begun, originally, to serve as a working image resource for the Newfoundland Rare Plant Project. Rights to the images and data included remain with the various individual partners.
E Flora - India
The Botanical Survey of India (BSI) is the apex organization under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change, Government of India mandated for survey, documentation and ex-situ conservation of wild plant diversity of the country. BSI was established on 13 February, 1890 with the basic objective to explore the plant resources of the country and to identify the plant species of economic virtues. After independence, BSI was reorganised on 29 March, 1954 with Calcutta as the Headquarters. The mandate of the Survey then were to undertake intensive floristic surveys and collect accurate and detailed information on the occurrence, distribution, ecology and economic utility of plants in the country; to collect, identify and distribute the materials which may be of use to the educational and research institutions and to act as custodian of authentic collections in well planned herbaria and to document the plant resources in the form of Local, District, State and National Floras. The Director, Botanical Survey of India advises the Govt. of India on all matters related to wild plant diversity of the country, and acts as the Scientific Authority on plants under Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
E-Flora BC- British Columbia, Canada
E-Flora BC provides information on the biogeography (distribution and ecology) and identification of each wild plant, lichen, and fungi species of British Columbia in an atlas page format.
Links to worlds electronic floras.
Encyclopedia of Life-World
Recent scientific work suggests there is an estimated 8.8 million, while previous estimates have indicated there could be somewhere between 30 and 100 million species. Either way, there is a lot of life on Earth that remains to be discovered. We hope that you will use the Encyclopedia of Life to learn more about and contribute to our understanding of biodiversity
Ethnobotany and Floristics of Belize
A collection of images and information by the New York Botanical Garden on the plants of Belize.
European Boxwood & Topiary Society
The European Boxwood and Topiary Society (EBTS) is devoted to encouraging the appreciation, cultivation and knowledge of Boxwood and Topiary and to further extend both historic and scientific research in the subject.
Flora and Fauna Web -Singapore
NParks Flora & Fauna Web is a user-friendly one-stop information portal which allows users to search for information on both plants grown in this region and animals that can be found in Singapore. It caters to the growing horticultural interest and wildlife awareness in Singapore. The website is based on information compiled in ‘1001 Garden Plants in Singapore’ and several other flora and fauna references, including journal articles, field guides, and the ‘Singapore Red Data Book’. Data is updated regularly with new photos and information on native and cultivated plants as well as terrestrial, freshwater and marine fauna.
Flora of Baja, California
This arid piece of land and its adjacent islands supports a wealth of plant diversity. It is estimated that the flora consists of more than 4,000 plant taxa with approximately 30% of these known only from Lower California, Mexico (the states of Baja California and Baja California Sur).
Flora of China
China's plant life is enormously rich. Some 31,000 plant species are native to China, representing nearly one-eighth of the world's total plant species, including thousands found nowhere else on Earth. By comparison, the United States and Canada combined contain about 20,000 native plant species. China is the only country on Earth where there are unbroken connections among tropical, subtropical, temperate, and boreal forests. This unbroken connection has led to the formation of rich plant associations rarely seen elsewhere in the world. Many genera of plants which are known only from fossil records in North America and Europe are represented in China by living members. China also has the most diverse flora of any country in the North Temperate zone. Mainland China and the continental United States share a common latitude and similar-sized land areas. The climates in much of the two regions are also similar, especially in the eastern halves. Many plant species that were once widespread throughout the entire northern hemisphere were wiped out by glaciation in North America but survived in China. Nearly 120 genera in 60 families of plants have disjunct populations in eastern Asia and temperate North America, relicts of the once widespread flora.
Flora of La Selva Biological Station-Costa Rica
A database of information including over 20, 000 images of plants from the La Selva research station in Costa Rica.
Flora of Mozambique
This site provides information about the flowering plants and ferns of Mozambique. This is a sister site to the Flora of Zimbabwe and Zambia websites.
Flora of New South Wales
This site presents a demonstration of one approach to an electronic Flora of New South Wales. Data are derived from the printed Flora of New South Wales series, published by the UNSW Press, augmented with data from electronic sources maintained by the National Herbarium of New South Wales. Please note that data have not been fully checked for consistency, and are not fully up-to-date. This site is to be regarded as a prototype presented as a demonstration, and not necessarily as an authoritative resource.
Flora of New Zealand
This site was created as part of a project to make nine volumes of the Flora and Fauna of New Zealand series available to the public via the Internet. The aim of the project was to improve access and awareness to the Series by making priority volumes available, in a searchable form, on the Internet. The volumes included in this project were Flora of New Zealand volumes 1 to 5 and Fauna of New Zealand numbers 11, 21, 40 and 43.
Flora of North America
FNA presents for the first time, in one published reference source, information on the names, taxonomic relationships, continent-wide distributions, and morphological characteristics of all plants native and naturalized found in North America north of Mexico.
Flora of Pakistan
The published Flora of Pakistan is a comprehensive inventory of the plants of Pakistan, the first modern flora of more than 6,000 species from a large, relatively poorly known region of South Asia. This Pakistan Plant Database (PPD) includes all information published in the Flora volumes already in print in a searchable web-based format.
Flora of Zambia
This site provides information about the flowering plants and ferns of Zambia. This is a sister site to the Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique web sites. The principal contributors to the site are Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde.
Flora of Zimbabwe
This site is work in progress towards an e-flora of Zimbabwe and is a joint venture between Bart Wursten, Mark Hyde and Petra Ballings. We expect that it will also be useful for people living in neighbouring countries, namely Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa and Zambia as parts of their flora are similar to that of Zimbabwe.
Florabank is Australia’s leading resource for news and information, research, networking, guidelines and resources on native seed.
Florabase-The Western Australia Flora
A searchable database on the unique flora of Western Australia.
Gentian Research Network-World
The Gentian Research Network is a free, not-for-profit, web-based forum for worldwide research on the natural history and evolution of the flowering plant family Gentianaceae (gentians).
Global Biodiversity Information Facility
The Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) was established by governments in 2001 to encourage free and open access to biodiversity data, via the Internet. Through a global network of countries and organizations, GBIF promotes and facilitates the mobilization, access, discovery and use of information about the occurrence of organisms over time and across the planet.
Global Invasive Species Database
The Global Invasive Species Database (GISD) aims to increase awareness about invasive alien species and to facilitate effective prevention and management activities. It is managed by the Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) of the Species Survival Commission of IUCN (the International Union for Conservation of Nature).
Hardy Plant Society-England
The HPS is a charity that was formed to foster interest in hardy herbaceous plants on the widest possible scale. It aims to give its members information about the wealth of both well and little known plants, and to ensure that all worthy plants remain in cultivation and have the widest possible distribution.
Haworthia (The) Society
The International Society for the study, propagation and conservation of Haworthia, Gasteria, Aloe and other related South African succulents.
The Heather Society extends a very warm welcome to everyone entering the world of heathers, especially to newcomers who have recently developed an interest in these attractive shrubs. The Society covers every aspect of this world, from the wild heathers of European heaths and moorlands to the rare and unusual splendours of South African or “Cape” heaths, from everyday cultivation, including choosing, growing and propagating hardy heathers, to scientific studies and nomenclature.
Herb (The) Society-England
The Herb Society is an internationally-renowned educational charity dedicated to encouraging the appreciation and use of herbs in cooking, gardening, cosmetic, historical and medicinal uses for professionals or amateurs.
Hertiage Seed Library-England
The seed library currently holds approximately 800 accessions of open-pollinated1 varieties. These varieties have been donated by HSL members or other members of the public, sourced through past HSL projects such as The Seed Search, or passed to us by seed companies who are no longer maintaining them. Each year, approximately 150 varieties within the collection are chosen for inclusion in the Heritage Seed Library Seed Catalogue. Subscribing HSL members receive the catalogue annually in December, from which they can choose six free packets of seeds.
Home (The) Orchard Society
The Home Orchard Society, established in 1975, is a nonprofit educational organization dedicated to assisting both novice and expert fruit growers, preserving heirloom fruit varieties, and promoting the science, culture, and pleasure of growing fruit at home.
Hortus Bulborum-The Netherlands
Welcome to the website of the Hortus Bulborum Foundation. The foundation manages the unique Hortus collection garden with its 4,000 spring-flowering historical bulbs. This collection consists primarily of tulips, narcissus and hyacinths, but there is also a small number of Fritillaria and crocus, primarily the C.vernus types.
Index Herbariorum: A Global Directory of Public Herbaria and Associated Staff
For the past three centuries, scientists have documented the earth’s plant and fungal diversity through dried reference specimens maintained in collections known as herbaria. There are approximately 3,400 herbaria in the world today, with approximately 10,000 associated curators and biodiversity specialists. Collectively the world’s herbaria contain an estimated 350,000,000 specimens that document the earth’s vegetation for the past 400 years. Index Herbariorum is a guide to this crucial resource for biodiversity science and conservation.
Information (The) Resource for Euro-Mediterranean Plant Diversity
The Euro+Med PlantBase provides an on-line database and information system for the vascular plants of Europe and the Mediterranean region, against an up-to-date and critically evaluated consensus taxonomic core of the species concerned.
International (The) Palm Society
WELCOME TO THE INTERNATIONAL PALM SOCIETY WEBSITE - The Internet's comprehensive source of information on palms. This web site includes extensive information on palm horticulture, online access to over 30 years of articles published in the Palms Journal, and Principes, a gallery of images, links to other sites, links to PalmTalk - the world's most active online forum on all aspects of Palms, and much more.
International Carnivorous Plant Society
The International Carnivorous Plant Society (ICPS) is an organization of horticulturists, conservationists, scientists, and educators all interested in sharing knowledge and news of carnivorous plants. Since its founding in 1972, the Society has been an integral part of the carnivorous plant world.
International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants
The International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants is the set of rules and recommendations that govern the scientific naming of all organisms traditionally treated as algae, fungi, or plants, whether fossil or non-fossil, including blue-green algae (Cyanobacteria), chytrids, oomycetes, slime moulds, and photosynthetic protists with their taxonomically related non-photosynthetic groups (but excluding Microsporidia). Before 2011 it was called the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (ICBN).
International Legume Database and Information Service
ILDIS is an international project which maintains a database of plants in the family Fabaceae (Leguminosae) and provides services to scientists and other people interested in these plants, including this web-site for access to the database. The ILDIS checklist is also supplied to the Catalogue of Life.
International Plant Name Index
The International Plant Names Index (IPNI) is a database of the names and associated basic bibliographical details of seed plants, ferns and lycophytes. Its goal is to eliminate the need for repeated reference to primary sources for basic bibliographic information about plant names. The data are freely available and are gradually being standardized and checked. IPNI will be a dynamic resource, depending on direct contributions by all members of the botanical community.
Invasive Alien Species in Canada
With thousands of different plants and animals, Canada is a country rich in biodiversity. But did you know that not all of these species are native to the habitats in which they live? Some of them come from other parts of the country or the world often having hitched a ride with human travelers, in cargo, on the bottom of boats and in the ballast of ships.
Johannesburg Succulent Society
The objectives of the Johannesburg Succulent Society are to promote knowledge, the cultivation and propagation of succulent plants, and to contribute towards the protection and conservation of all indigenous plants in their habitats.
Kew Gardens Millennium Seed Bank Partnership-England
Kew's Millennium Seed Bank partnership is the largest ex situ plant conservation project in the world. Our focus is on global plant life faced with the threat of extinction and plants of most use for the future. The seeds we save are conserved outside their native habitat. Working with our network of partners across 50 countries, we have successfully banked 10% of the world's wild plant species. With your help, we are going to save 25% by 2020. We target plants and regions most at risk from climate change and the ever-increasing impact of human activities.
Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden-South Africa
Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden is acclaimed as one of the great botanic gardens of the world. Few gardens can match the sheer grandeur of the setting of Kirstenbosch, against the eastern slopes of Cape Town’s Table Mountain.
Lake Huron Coastal Bluff Native Plant Guide-Canada
Local cottagers and residents have identified the need for resources to be able to identify the good plants (native coastal plants) along Lake Huron bluffs. It is the intention of this guide to help private landowners, municipalities and landscape professionals with the tools to know the species they are most likely to encounter in a coastal bluff ecosystem, and provide a resource which will assist them in naturalizing properties along the Lake Huron bluffs.
Landscape Ontario - Consumer Website-Canada.
Started in 1973, Landscape Ontario Horticultural Trades Association (LOHTA) is a vibrant association representing over 2000 horticultural professionals. Our members include landscape, maintenance and snow management contractors, landscape designers, lawn care operators, garden centre owners, arborists, nursery growers, interior landscapers, and irrigation and landscape lighting contractors. LOHTA members have a commitment to maintain confidence and trust in the profession of horticulture and to encourage and support education and research within the horticultural field.
Landscape Ontario Horticultural Trades Association-Canada
With more than 2,000 professional members, Landscape Ontario is the province's premier horticultural trades association. Our mission is to be the leader in representing, promoting and fostering a favourable climate for the advancement of the horticulture industry in Ontario. Landscape Ontario is a dynamic association offering professional development opportunities, industry trade shows and conferences, consumer events and cost savings benefits.
Longwood Gardens-United States of America
Mission Statement Longwood Gardens is the living legacy of Pierre S. du Pont, inspiring people through excellence in garden design, horticulture, education and the arts. Vision Statement Longwood Gardens is one of the great gardens of the world. We strive for innovation in horticulture and display. We present the arts in an unparalleled setting to bring pleasure and inspire the imagination of our guests. We contribute to society through excellent and diverse education programs, horticulture research, environmental stewardship, and cultural and community engagement.
Magnolia Society International
The Magnolia Society International is a non-profit organization devoted to the appreciation and study of magnolias. Founded in 1963, the Society activities include exchanging magnolia plant material, evaluating and promoting magnolia cultivars, educating the garden community, supporting research on magnolias, and serving as the international registration authority for new magnolia cultivars.
Here you'll find details about the Society, about membership, and about our Journal and Annual Meetings and Shows. We try to feature a different species of Mammillaria, Coryphantha, Escobaria, Neolloydia, Thelocactus or Turbinicarpus each month, and sometimes these include newly described species.
Melastomaceae of the World
The goal of this website is to provide a centralized clearinghouse for information about the Melastomataceae. Included herein are pages providing images, descriptions of various groups, current research around the world, bibliographic references, phylogenetics, melastomatologists, and other topics.
Missouri Botanical Garden-United States of America
"To discover and share knowledge about plants and their environment in order to preserve and enrich life." – Missouri Botanical Garden mission Founded in 1859, the Missouri Botanical Garden is the nation's oldest botanical garden in continuous operation and a National Historic Landmark. The Garden is a center for botanical research and science education, as well as an oasis in the city of St. Louis. The Garden offers 79 acres of beautiful horticultural display, including a 14-acre Japanese strolling garden, Henry Shaw's original 1850 estate home, and one of the world's largest collections of rare and endangered orchids.
Arboretum Mustila near Elimäki in Southern Finland was founded in 1902 as a test site for exotic conifer species. Today it remains a unique area of introduced horticultural plants in northern Europe. Nearly 100 conifer species, more than 200 broad-leaved tree species and numerous shrubs, vines, bulbs and perennials have been planted in the arboretum, covering 120 hectares.
Mycology Collections Portal (North America)
The Mycology Collections data Portal (MyCoPortal) is more than just a web site - it is a suite of user-friendly, web-based data access technologies to aid taxonomists, field biologists, ecologists, educators, and citizen scientists in the study of fungal diversity. The data are derived from a network of universities, botanical gardens, museums, and agencies that provide taxonomic, environmental, and specimen-based information.
National (The) Botanic Garden of Wales
The first national botanic garden of the millennium. The Garden covers 568 acres of Carmarthenshire countryside and includes a nature reserve as well as a formal garden, with Lord Foster’s Great Glasshouse as its centrepiece.
National Botanic Gardens of Ireland
Located just 3 km from Dublin city centre, the National Botanic Gardens are an oasis of calm and beauty, and entry is free. A premier scientific institution, the gardens also contain the National Herbarium and several historic wrought iron glasshouses.
National Invasive Species Information Center-United States of America
Gateway to invasive species information; covering federal, state, local, and international sources.
The National Trust is a charity and is completely independent of Government. We rely for income on membership fees, donations and legacies, and revenue raised from our commercial operations. We have over 3.6 million members and 55,000 volunteers. More than 14 million people visit our pay for entry properties, while an estimated 50 million visit our open air properties. We protect and open to the public over 350 historic houses, gardens and ancient monuments. But it doesn’t stop there. We also look after forests, woods, fens, beaches, farmland, downs, moorland, islands, archaeological remains, castles, nature reserves, villages - for ever, for everyone.
Native American Ethnobotany
A database of foods, drugs, dyes and fibers of Native American peoples, derived from plants.
Natural Resources Canada-Canadian Forest Service
With nearly half of Canada’s entire land surface covered by trees, it’s little wonder that forests and their resources touch virtually every aspect of Canadian life.
New York Botanical Steere Herbarium
As the largest herbarium in the Western Hemisphere, the Steere Herbarium is a priceless resource for scholars from around the world who are documenting earth's biodiversity of plants and fungi. We focus on building collections in all groups and regions and in large scale digitization and rapid data entry.
New York Flora Atlas-United States of America
The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. The next step is to create a Manual to the New York State Flora. Early efforts are underway to move towards this goal.
New Zealand Plant Conservation Network
The New Zealand Plant Conservation Network was established in 2003 with the vision that 'no indigenous species of plant will become extinct nor be placed at risk of extinction as a result of human action or indifference, and that the rich, diverse and unique plant life of New Zealand will be recognised, cherished and restored'.
Niagara Parks Botanical Gardens-Canada
Niagara Parks' Botanical Gardens is located on the scenic Niagara Parkway and the Great Gorge, just a 10 minute drive north of the Falls. This beautiful Garden setting is home to the Butterfly Conservatory and serves as the unique outdoor classroom for students attending the Niagara Parks School of Horticulture. Established in 1936, you'll enjoy 40 hectares (99 acres) of beautifully maintained gardens, including perennials, rhododendrons, azaleas, a formal parterre garden, shade, herb and vegetable plantings, an aviary as well as our world-famous rose garden featuring over 2,400 roses.
North American Fruit Explorers
The North American Fruit Explorers (NAFEX) is a network of individuals throughout the United States and Canada devoted to the discovery, cultivation and appreciation of superior varieties of fruits and nuts.
North American Native Plant Societie
Welcome to NANPS: committed to preserving native plant habitat in wild areas and restoring indigenous flora to developed areas.
North American Rock Garden Society
NARGS is for gardening enthusiasts interested in alpine, saxatile, and low-growing perennials. It encourages the study and cultivation of wildflowers that grow well among rocks, whether such plants originate above treeline or at lower elevations. Through its publications, meetings, and garden visits, NARGS provides extensive opportunities for both beginners and experts to expand their knowledge of plant cultivation and propagation, and of construction, maintenance, and design of special interest gardens. Woodland gardens, bog gardens, raised beds, planted walls, container gardens, and alpine berms are all addressed.
Ontario Horticultural Association-Canada
The Ontario Horticultural Association is a volunteer, charitable organization whose mission is to provide leadership and assist in the promotion of education and interest in all areas of horticulture and related environmental issues in Ontario, through an expanding network of horticultural societies dedicated to the beautification of their communities.
Ontario Rock Garden and Hardy Plant Society- Ontario, Canada.
The Ontario Rock Garden and Hardy Plant Society is a non-profit organization whose goals are to promote and enhance the study of alpine and hardy plants as well as the creation of rock gardens and other suitable plant habitats. The Society assists members in all aspects of gardening by exchange of knowledge and experience and by supplying them with information focusing on alpine and hardy plants through meetings, newsletters, tours and the web site. Additionally the Society operates a Seed Exchange that is open to all members.
Pacific Bulb Society
The Pacific Bulb Society (PBS) was organized in Spring 2002 as a non-profit organization for the benefit of people who garden with bulbs. This includes both cold hardy and tender bulbs, and all the bulbs in between. By 'garden with' we also mean to include plants, shrubs, and even trees that we grow as companions to our bulbs. Membership in PBS is open to bulb lovers around the world. We welcome all to come forward to join us in the celebration of bulbs and in mastering the challenge of gardening with bulbs. Our emphasis is on successfully growing bulbs in our yards and gardens and in sharing our successes, and our failures too, with our fellow members. Through that sharing, we will all learn to be better bulb gardeners.
Pelargonium (The) & Geranium Society-England
Established at the start of 2009, The Pelargonium & Geranium Society was borne out of the amalgamation of The British Pelargonium and Geranium Society and the British and European Geranium Society. The Society welcomes all persons who are interested, or would like to become interested, in the fascinating genera of plants named Geraniaceae.
Perennial Plant Association-United States of America
The Perennial Plant Association, headquartered in Hilliard, Ohio, is a trade association composed of growers, retailers, landscape designers and contractors, educators, and others that are professionally involved in the herbaceous perennial industry. It is professional trade association dedicated to improving the perennial plant industry by providing education to enhance the production, promotion and utilization of perennial plants.
The PhyloCode is a formal set of rules governing phylogenetic nomenclature. It is designed to name the parts of the tree of life by explicit reference to phylogeny. The PhyloCode will go into operation in a few years, but the exact date has not yet been determined. It is designed so that it may be used concurrently with the existing codes based on rank-based nomenclature (ICBN, ICZN, etc.).
Plant (The) List-World
Collaboration between the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Garden enabled the creation of The Plant List.The Plant List provides the Accepted Latin name for most species, with links to all Synonyms by which that species has been known. It also includes Unresolved names for which the contributing data sources did not contain sufficient evidence to decide whether they were Accepted or Synonyms.
The world’s leading garden plant conservation charity, bringing together the talents of botanists, horticulturists and conservationists and the dedication of keen amateur and professional gardeners. Through the National Plant Collections and the Threatened Plants Project, we encourage the conservation of cultivated plants in the British Isles.
Plants of New Jersey-United States of America
The Flora of New Jersey Project is a non-profit incorporated group of botanists and ecologists whose aim is to generate an up-to-date description for each of our species accompanied by distribution maps for each taxon present or formerly present in our state.
Poison (The) Plant Patch-Nova Scotia Museum-Canada
The website contains but a sample of potential poison plants, not all known toxic plants are identified, nor are all known plant toxins included. It is not intended to replace medical consultation, but is intended as an introduction to the possibilities.
Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh- Scotland.
The Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (RBGE) was founded in the 17th century as a physic garden. Now it extends over four Gardens boasting a rich living collection of plants, and is a world-renowned centre for plant science and education.
Royal Botanic Garden-Jordan
The Royal Botanic Garden (RBG) of Jordan is a non-profit organization founded in 2005. It is located in Tell Ar-Rumman, Al Balqa Governorate, north of Amman, overlooking King Talal Dam. The Garden covers two and a half mountains (1,800 dunums / 180 hectares / 445 acres) and has more than 300 m of elevation change within its boundaries.
Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain Trust-Australia
The Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust is a statutory body established under the Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain Trust Act 1980. It is responsible for the management and stewardship of the Royal Botanic Garden, the Domain, the Australian Botanic Garden Mount Annan and the Blue Mountains Botanic Garden Mount Tomah.
Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew-England
Throughout its history, the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew has made important contributions to increasing the understanding of the plant kingdom with many benefits for mankind. Today it is still first and foremost a scientific institution. With its collections of living and preserved plants, of plant products and botanical information, it forms an encyclopaedia of knowledge about the plant kingdom.
Royal Botanical Gardens-Canada
Royal Botanical Gardens is a ‘living museum’ that acquires, collects, researches, exhibits, conserves and interprets a living horticultural collection. A key component of this role is the work done by the Horticulture Department which is responsible for the 250 acres of cultivated gardens over 5 garden areas. The department currently maintains 50 collections featuring plants of wild origin, ornamental plants and plants of scientific and conservation importance. Both woody and non-woody plants are displayed within the collections. Each collection is curated like a museum collection or exhibit and supports the scientific, horticultural educational and conservation work undertaken at RBG.
Royal Horticultural Society Plant Finder-England
The annual Royal Horticultural Society Plant Finder puts gardeners in touch with growers and suppliers of more than 70,000 plants compiled from the catalogues of more than 560 nurseries. The latest edition lists 3,400 new plants.
Royal Horticultural Society-England
The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK's leading gardening charity dedicated to advancing horticulture and promoting good gardening. Our goal is to help people share a passion for plants, to encourage excellence in horticulture and inspire all those with an interest in gardening.
Saxifrage (The) Society-England
The Aims of The Saxifrage Society are to encourage the cultivation of saxifrages in gardens and an enjoyment of them in the wild.
Scott (The) Arboretum of Swathmore College (United States of America)
The idyllic 425-acre arboretum that makes up the Swarthmore College campus is often named one of the most beautiful in the country. Located just 11 miles from Philadelphia, the rolling hills, flowering trees, and hiking trails offer a nature escape on the edge of a busy metropolis. The Arboretum is a living memorial to Arthur Hoyt Scott (Swarthmore Class of 1895). Mr. Scott’s family made a generous donation to found the Arboretum in 1929.
Scottish (The) Rock Garden Club
The Scottish Rock Garden Club was founded in 1933 by a small group of enthusiasts who were interested in promoting the cultivation of alpine and rock garden plants. There are now over 4500 enthusiastic members in 38 countries. The SRGC is the largest horticultural society in Scotland and considered by many to be the friendliest and most accessible in the World. This site adds a new dimension to club membership and provides non-members with a window on club activities and membership benefits. This site is packed with information on club activities and covers every aspect of the cultivation of alpines, rockgarden plants and dwarf bulbs. There are section on shows, show reports, plant portraits, feature articles etc. The links to at the bottom of the page are quite interesting and provide a plethora of information and further reading on alpines and bulbs.
Singapore Botanic Gardens
With more than 150 years of history, the 74-hectare Gardens holds a unique and significant place in the history of Singapore and the region. Through the botanical and horticultural work carried out today, it will continue to play an important role as a leading tropical botanical institute, and an endearing place to all Singaporeans.
Sir Harold Hillier Gardens-England
The Sir Harold Hillier Gardens is famous the world over. Among its outstanding features are the splendour of the seasonal planting displays set in 180 acres.
South African National Biodiversity Institute
There are more than 22 000 different species of seed plants indigenous to southern Africa. These are arranged into about 2 180 genera, which in turn form part of 227 families. We have described some of the more popular plants on this site.
The Internet Archive-United States of America
The Internet Archive, a 501(c)(3) non-profit, is building a digital library of Internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form. Like a paper library, we provide free access to researchers, historians, scholars, the print disabled, and the general public. Search this site for copies of old seed and nursery catalogues and or information on a specific plant. Over 6,122 seed and nursery catalogues have been uploaded.
The Pelargonium Register (International)
The International Register and Checklist, with over 17,000 entries, was originally produced and published in 2008. This took many years to compile, as the source documents were either hand written / typed lists or old nursery catalogues, some over 100 years old and produced in a number of countries around the world. Hybridisers have continued to introduce new plants and to send details of them to The Pelargonium and Geranium Society (PAGS), who are responsible for the upkeep of the Register.
Tropicos-United States of America based.
Tropicos® was originally created for internal research but has since been made available to the world’s scientific community. All of the nomenclatural, bibliographic, and specimen data accumulated in Missouri Botanic Garden’s electronic databases during the past 25 years are publicly available here. This system has over 1.2 million scientific names and 4.0 million specimen records. This is an excellent resource for confirmation of taxonomic nomenclature.
United States Department of Agriculture PLANTS Database
The PLANTS Database provides standardized information about the vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the U.S. and its territories.
United States Department of Agriculture-Natural Resources Conservation Service- PLANTS Database
The PLANTS Database provides standardized information about the vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the U.S. and its territories.
United States Department of Agriculture-Plant Hardiness Zone Map
The 2012 USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map is the standard by which gardeners and growers can determine which plants are most likely to thrive at a location. The map is based on the average annual minimum winter temperature, divided into 10-degree F zones.
United States National Arboretum
Established in 1927 by an Act of Congress. The Arboretum is administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service. Mission To serve the public need for scientific research, education, and gardens that conserve and showcase plants to enhance the environment.
University British Columbia Botanical Garden and Centre for Plant Research-Canada.
University of British Columbia Botanical Garden curates a collection of ca. 12 000 plants representing approximately 8000 taxa from temperate regions around the world. Temperate forest plants of British Columbia, eastern North America and Asia are curated in woodland gardens, while a classic alpine garden displays the diverse flora of high-altitude regions of the world. UBC currently holds the NAAPC of Acer (maples).
University of British Columbia Botanic Garden-Canada
UBC Botanical Garden is a "hidden gem" where visitors can expect a quiet visit away from crowds. Visitors to UBC Botanical Garden can expect a learning experience rich with interesting plants and informative signs.
University of Florida Plant Nutrition Deficiency Database-United States of America
An image centered plant deficiency database listing photos indexed by deficient element and scientific name of plant, list of photos indexed by deficient element and common name of plant, list of photos indexed by plant common name and deficient element and a list of photos indexed by plant scientific name and deficient element.
Useful Tropical Plants.
The Useful Tropical Plants Database contains information on the edible, medicinal and many other uses of several thousand plants that can be grown in tropical regions. It is very much a work in progress, with new records being entered and older records being updated on a regular basis.
Vineland Research and Innovation Centre-Canada
Vineland Research and Innovation Centre is an independent, not-for-profit organization that was created to be a world-class centre for horticultural science and innovation. In its capacity to enable and foster relationships with industry, academia and government, Vineland works to deliver premium product and production innovations. Vineland brings a global perspective to the Canadian horticulture industry and offers a broad range of lasting benefits to stakeholders both locally and internationally. Aligned with industry needs, Vineland's research priorities and outcomes are focused on the growth of the entire horticulture industry.
West African Plants-A photo guide
This interactive photographic guide will help you to identify higher plants from West African ecosystems. It contains images of ferns and seed plants taken in the field. You can browse through a taxonomic hierarchy and / or search according to selected characters you observe on your plant.
Although the concept for these gardens started over 25 years ago, the task of creating and constructing them has been completed in the last 5 years, apart from running the nursery and garden centre. It has been a physical, financial and emotional struggle to continue. Of all my travels around the world, this journey has been the most challenging, exciting and rewarding experience all at the same time. It has conjured every possible emotion. Every time I have wanted to walk away from it, something pulled me back. I’m glad those dark days are behind me now. The gardens are still young but they are growing at a "tree"mendous rate. Some 4-foot trees I planted just a few years ago are now 18-20' tall. Others that were 4 inches tall are well, still 4 inches tall, they are miniatures and behaving the way they are supposed to.
Wildflowers of Israel
This website is devoted to the study of wild plants of the Land of Israel which has been a focal point of interest to people all over the world since Biblical times. Everybody who is interested in the nature and the environment of this Land will find here a wealth of information regarding all kinds of its plants. Special emphasis has been given to the linkage between the plants and the Jewish traditions and scholarly literature.