|USDA Hardiness Zone
|5 - 7
|Canadian Hardiness Zone
|RHS Hardiness Zone
|H3 - H6
|2.4 - 3 m
|2.7 - 3.6 m
|A medium to large deciduous shrub that has dark green leaves and reddish- orange berries that turn black in early autumn. It is a broad, rounded shrub when mature with beautiful white flowers that bloom in early spring.
|Used for massing, screens, shrub borders, and blends well into a border because of its horizontal lines the break up the upright growing shrubs. It can also be integrated into foundation plantings, especially in corners.
|Prefers to be grown in partial shade and moist soil. If grown in full sun it is at risk of drought. It has a fibrous root system and can be easily transplanted. Needs to be pruned ever so often to prevent the plant to becoming overgrown and unkempt.
|Broad rounded crown.
|Can suffer from stem dieback and can also suffer from drought from late spring to summer heat.
|When young the stems are brown with pubescent tomentose, and older branches are a dark- grey colour with orangish lenticels. Many of the small branches at the node create a fishbone effect.
|Flower/Leaf Bud Description
|Tan brown, hairy and are angle towards the stem.
|Leaves are a dark green colour and are oblong-ovate. They are opposite creating a 'dog- eared' effect down the stem. The leaf size varies: 5 - 12 cm long with a width of around 2.2 - 6.3 cm.
|Flowers are a beautiful pure snow white. They produce no fragrance and have 4 to 5 lobes, each being approximately 1.9 - 3.8 cm wide. The inner flowers are fertile but not showy, and the anthers grow mid-April to May The flowers create a 'milky way' effect as they flow down the branches.
|Drupe, egg-shaped fruit that are about 0.83 cm in diameter.
|Dark green leaf colour with a consistent reddish-purple colouring in autumn. The berries are a vibrant red and contrast well against the dark green leaves and white flowers. When young the stems are brown with pubescent tomentose, and older branches are a dark- grey colour with orangish lenticels.
|Propagation by softwood or hardwood cuttings.