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Woody > Pinus > Pinus torreyana > Pinus torreyana

Pinus torreyana

Soledad Pine or Torrey Pine

Origin:  Native of the south western United States of America.
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Native to the California coast, this is a rare pine in North America. The tree is very adaptable and can withstand extreme weather conditions including hurricane winds, rain, intense heat and humidity. This species is relatively long lived with some recorded specimens reaching up to 150 years old.

Michael Pascoe, NDP., ODH., CLT., MSc. (Plant Conservation)


Tree (evergreen)
USDA Hardiness Zone
8 - 10
Canadian Hardiness Zone
7b - Requires cool season protection under glass.
RHS Hardiness Zone
H2 - H5
Temperature (°C)
-12- 4
Temperature (°F)
15 - 40
15 m
10 - 14 m
Description and Growing Information
Flowering Period
General Description
Large in size with most specimens having an irregular or unkempt form. Deep green needles in fascicles of five. Cones of this species are larger and heavier than most pines.
This species is truly a great evergreen to add to any landscape because of its beautiful deep green foliage and intriguing cones.
Light sandy or gravely loam, well drained soils with acidic to neutral conditions. It requires full sunlight and will not tolerate shade but will withstand some humidity; once established it can survive drought.
Tall, very broad and open canopy.
ID Characteristic
Specimens in the natural landscape are easily recognized by their unkempt form personified by heavy winds.
Along the southern coast of California.
Bark/Stem Description
The bark is smooth, and reddish brown in young specimens, eventually turning grey, becoming very rigid and scaly with maturity.
Flower/Leaf Bud Description
Buds are 2.5 cm long, ovular, cone shaped and pale brown in colour.
Leaf Description
Deep green, 5 needle fascicles are 2 mm wide and range anywhere from 20-30 cm long. They can be straight but sometimes have a slight curve to them from harsh winds.
Flower Description
Pine trees don’t actually have flowers; they have “strobili” which serve the same purpose. Strobili are pollinated by wind and the tree is monoecious.
Fruit Description
The Torrey Pine produces cones that are not only noticeably larger but heavier than most other cones. Cones are approximately 10-15 cm long, a striking grey almost silver colour. The cones have been known to stay on the tree for up to 10 years, slowly releasing their seeds.
Colour Description
Foliage is an attractive deep greenish-grey colour, cones are greyish silver, and the bark is brown but as the plant matures it turns grey.
Texture Description
Notable Specimens
Stanford University, California, United States of America.
Propagate through seeds. For rapid and complete germination, seeds should be sown in individual pots followed by a cold stratification period of at least 30-90 days. It is best to plant seedlings out in their permanent locations early so that they may develop a strong root system.
David, M. "Propagation of Ornamental Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines." (2010): n. pag. Web Smith, Jane Kapler. "Index of Species Information." USDA Forest Service. N.p., 2013. Web.