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Woody > Juniperus > Juniperus virginiana > Juniperus virginiana 'Glauca'

Juniperus virginiana


Silver Red Cedar

            Mike's Opinion

this is Mike


The Silver Eastern Red Cedar is an interesting evergreen tree that has an excellent practical value in the landscape industry. This tree is very low maintenance as it doesn't require strict soil conditions. It produces small, attractive, purple-blue berries that attract many different types of birds. The foliage in early spring is a silver-blue colour, hence the common name. Later on in the season, the foliage turns to a deep rich green with a blue tinge. Its other attractive feature is the deep red-brown exfoliating bark. The tree is commonly planted for screening because its foliage is very dense. It is very tolerant to urban environments, commonly planted close to roads or in parking lots. The Silver Red Cedar is rather hardy as it can successfully grow from southern Ontario all the way to the southern United States.

Michael Pascoe, NDP., ODH., CLT., MSc. (Plant Conservation)


Tree (evergreen)
USDA Hardiness Zone
3a - 9b
Canadian Hardiness Zone
3a - 8a
RHS Hardiness Zone
Temperature (°C)
-40 - 1
Temperature (°F)
-40 - 30
6 - 9 m
2 - 4 m
Description and Growing Information
Flowering Period
General Description
Fast growing conifer that is very dense and has a dark blue-green foliage. Very hardy and is highly tolerant to drought, air pollution and salt. Can grow in a variety of different soil conditions.
It is usually grown in urban landscapes since it requires little to no maintenance. It can grow in clay, loam, sand, acidic and alkaline soil conditions but grows best in well-drained soils. Usually found in parking lots or median plantings along the highway because it is very tolerant to drought, air pollution and salt infiltration. This tree is also planted for its natural screening and used in windbreaks well due to its dense foliage.
It can successfully grow in both acidic or alkaline soils. Grows in either full sun or partial shade. Very urban tolerant, prefers growing in moist soil but tolerant of dry soils once established.
A pyramidal dense shape, branches grow upright and will not droop.
ID Characteristic
This tree grows in a pyramidal shape with dark blue-green dense foliage, it can grow to about 6-9 m. It grows small blue berries for a fruit and has a simple leaf type with a scale- like leaf shape.
Bagworm caterpillars web foliage and debris together, producing bags where they live and feed off the foliage. Juniper webworms web together twigs and needles causing foliage to brown and die back. Both pests are usually not very serious and infrequently occur. To eradicate the above pests, applying Bacillus thuringiensis in addition to hand picking can remedy the problem. Twig blights cause death and browning of twig tips.
Horticultural origin.
Bark/Stem Description
It is a reddish-brown colour, very attractive since it exfoliates.
Flower Description
Flowers are very small and hard to spot as they blend in with the colour of the foliage; not very showy, green-yellow in colour.
Fruit Description
Fruit are small, round berries less than a 1 cm in size. The fruit usually persist throughout the winter season.
Colour Description
Foliage first emerges as a silver-blue colour but slightly fades to a blue-green as summer progresses. Its flowers are green and yellow, small and not very showy. The fruit are blue-purple coloured berries that are less than a 1 cm in size.
Texture Description
Fine textured foliage. The bark is coarse because it exfoliates as the tree matures.
Notable Specimens
Niagara Parks Botanical Garden, Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada.
Scion wood is always taken from the tip of the shoots and are usually trimmed to include wood from the previous year's growth. The time of year is important when harvesting cuttings; early spring (February and March) is ideal. The developing plants are typically ready for final planting after 2 years.
Dirr, M., 2009. Manual of Woody Landscape Plants. Champaign, Illinois: Stipes Publishing. More, D., White, J. 2005. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Trees. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press Inc.