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Woody > Juniperus > Juniperus communis > Juniperus communis 'Suecica'

Juniperus communis


Common Swedish Juniper

Origin:  Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and Russia.
            Mike's Opinion

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The Swedish Common Juniper is a very elegant evergreen with great winter appeal. Excellent for urban planting as it is pollution tolerant and has very low maintenance requirements. The tree lives approximately 30 years.

Michael Pascoe, NDP., ODH., CLT., MSc. (Plant Conservation)


Shrub (evergreen)
USDA Hardiness Zone
3a - 7a
Canadian Hardiness Zone
1a - 6b
RHS Hardiness Zone
H7 - H6
Temperature (°C)
(-37) - (-15)
Temperature (°F)
(-35) - 5
4 m
1.5 m
Description and Growing Information
Flowering Period
General Description
A medium size dwarf evergreen with a very unique visual appeal. The colour of the tree and the texture of the bark and needles will shadow your other plants and make them stand out. The Common Swedish Juniper works very well in rock gardens. If pruned can be used as a ground cover.
Used as accent plants in parks. Beautiful addition to rock gardens as it highlights its surroundings.
Tolerant of most soil types and drought. Prefers full sun and is pH adaptable.
Upright with a narrow shape.
ID Characteristic
Easily identified with its medium size, full shape with a slender/ narrow figure, bluish-green to silver needles and shoot growth extending up the tree.
Deer, Bagworms and Spider Mites can pose a problem. Diseases include Juniper Blight usually showing in the spring time when it is wet, and Cedar Apple Rust.
Horticultural origin.
Bark/Stem Description
The bark on the tree is like paper, a reddish-brown colour and peels off the trunk in thin strips.
Flower/Leaf Bud Description
Brown with 2 scaly leaves that open up and eventually grow new shoots.
Leaf Description
Leaves are alternating, needle-like and thin. They are sharp and pointed and are approximately 1.5-2 cm in size. It is bushy, broad-leafed, and bluish green in colour. Needles grow in groups of 3 wrapping around the branches.
Flower Description
Flowers are green in colour.
Fruit Description
The fruit is a spherical berry-like seed cone that is green, wrinkled, and approximately 6 mm in size. Once ripened and bloomed, it changes to a brown/black in colour. The fruits are also very scaly and fleshy. They tend to bloom in clusters of 3-6 berries/seed cones.
Colour Description
The cones are small and look like berries and change in blooming season from a green to a black/blue colour. The bark is reddish brown. And the whole tree is green in colour with a blue tinge to the needles.
Texture Description
Vertically cracked and peeling bark on the trunk/branches. The tree is coarse textured.
Notable Specimens
Abney Park Cemetery, London, United Kingdom.
Propagated from cuttings off of the shoot growth of the plant and the cultivar ‘Suecica’ is the result of grafting. Roots will grow faster in substrate that is poor in nutrients, and can be transplanted early on in the growth process. Planted should occur in the spring or early autumn.
Ethnobotanical Uses (Disclaimer)
Juniper berries are used as flavouring in foods and also in some alcoholic beverages. Juniper is added to Gin for Kidney ailments. This tree’s oils are used in some cosmetics. The juniper is used for treating some wounds and diseases, juniper steam when inhaled helps with managing bronchitis.
Coombes, A. J. (1992). Trees. Toronto: Stoddart Publishing Co. Limited. Hessayon, D. D. (1998). The Evergreen Expert. London: Expert Books a Division of Transworld Publishers Ltd. Nancy Rose, D. S. (2001). Growing Shrubs and Small Trees in Cold Climates. Chicago: Contemporary Books A Division of NTC/Contemporary Publishing Group, Inc.