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Woody > Magnolia > Magnolia virginiana > Magnolia virginiana

Magnolia virginiana


Sweetbay Magnolia, Swamp Magnolia, Whitebay, Swamp Laurel, Beaver Tree




Origin:  United States, introduced into cultivation in England in 1687. It was the first Magnolia species to be grown in England.
            Mike's Opinion

this is Mike

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A great tree for privacy around patios or along driveways. It carries beautiful white fragrant flowers that flower during the summer and makes a nice focal point in any flower garden.



Michael Pascoe, NDP., ODH., CLT., MSc. (Plant Conservation)

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Family
Magnoliaceae
Genus
Magnolia
Species
virginiana
Category
Woody
Type
Shrub (deciduous), Shrub (evergreen)
Pronunciation
USDA Hardiness Zone
5 - 9
Canadian Hardiness Zone
6 - 10
Temperature (°C)
-10
Temperature (°F)
-20
Height
30 m
Spread
8 m
Photographs
Description and Growing Information
Flowering Period
June
General Description
Often seen growing by swamps, white-green undersides to the leaves. This species has been placed on the IUCN Red List as least concerned and has been given a G5 global ranking by NatureServe.
Landscape
Screening, around patios or long driveways for privacy.
Cultivation
Plant in partial shade to full sun in wet, swampy and/or acidic soils.
Shape
Upright shrub, fairly round and oval shaped.
Growth
Medium
ID Characteristic
Small, deciduous to evergreen shrub with white fragrant flowers. Has bright red-orange seeds.
Pests
Scale, tulip-poplar weevil (leaf miner) and leaf spots.
Habitat
Boglands, swamps and marshlands.
Bark/Stem Description
Thin, delicate bark susceptible to mechanical injury and winter damage.
Flower/Leaf Bud Description
Narrow lanceolate flower buds pointing upward. The terminal buds, measuring between 3 - 6 cm in length, are much larger than the lateral buds, which measure between 5 - 9 cm in length.
Leaf Description
simple, alternate, lanceolate-pinnate leaves without serration that measure between 5 - 10 cm in length.
Flower Description
5-7 cm wide with about 8 petals per bloom. Flowers are very fragrant.
Fruit Description
Elongated lanceolate fruit measuring 2 - 7 cm. Toward autumn the fruit turns brown and splits open to reveal bright red-orange seeds.
Colour Description
Brown-grey bark, medium green leaves that do not turn in autumn with white undersides. White flowers in the summer.
Texture Description
Medium.
Notable Specimens
The Gardens of Fanshawe, London Ontario, Canada. The A.M. Cuddy Gardens, Strathroy, Ontario, Canada.
Propagation
Mature seeds should be soaked in water for a few days to easily remove the pulp. Seeds can be planted right away but are best stratified for 2 - 4 months at 5 ÂșC.
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