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Woody > Pinus > Pinus halepensis > Pinus halepensis

Pinus halepensis

Aleppo Pine

Origin:  Spain, France, Italy, Greece, Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria.
Tree (evergreen)
USDA Hardiness Zone
8b - 11a
Canadian Hardiness Zone
9a - 9b
RHS Hardiness Zone
H4 - H1c
Temperature (°C)
Temperature (°F)
10 - 20 m
6 - 12 m
Description and Growing Information
Flowering Period
General Description
Medium- to large-sized evergreen tree with reddish brown thick plated bark. Pyramidal shape when immature but once mature, spread becomes irregular with massive lateral branches. If under stress needle drop is higher.
Used as a wind break in naturalized areas as well as urban parks and streets.
Thrives in full sun and dry, sandy and gravelly alkaline soils but can survive in neutral and acidic soils. Once it has been established it becomes very drought tolerant.
Upright pyramidal.
ID Characteristic
Greenish-yellow slender needles with two per fascicle – occasionally in threes. Irregular-shaped canopy. Cones are rounded or oval in shape. Cones are green when immature and become reddish-brown at maturity.
Aleppo pine blight and Aleppo pine mites.
Bark/Stem Description
Smooth and light grey when young. Matures to a large, thick platted trunk with large muscular lateral branches. The bark is reddish-brown in colour, but high wind or disease/pests can affect the colouring.
Flower/Leaf Bud Description
Male buds are tightly clustered, brown in colour and usually found on top of branch tips. Female buds are reddish-purple with loose scales. The buds are usually 5 - 12 mm in length and 5 - 6 mm wide.
Leaf Description
Greenish-yellow coloured needles usually in pairs, but sometimes found in threes. Needles are 6 - 12 cm long. They have a medium texture and are sharply pointed.
Flower Description
Flowers are monecious, brown in colour with pointed tips and are usually found in large terminal clusters. The wind carries their seeds in the spring and pollinates lower branches.
Fruit Description
Trees must be 15 - 20 years old to bear fruit. The fruit are long, rounded and oval-shaped. The female fruit is 6 - 14 cm long and found on thick curved stalks, usually in pairs. The male fruit is also found on the same plant, but they are smaller and yellowish-brown, found in dense clusters.
Colour Description
This evergreen has greenish-yellow needles. In winter months needles become more yellow and will turn back to green once temperature rises in spring. The bark is grey and smooth in immature stages, one established and matured the bark becomes thick platted and orangey-brown. During the hot season cones open and ripen turning a lovely brown colour, unlike the spring cones that are tight with green and small patches of brown on scales.
Propagation by seed or cuttings.
Ethnobotanical Uses (Disclaimer)
Gum, fire wood, condiments, antiseptic, dye, tannin and lumber.