Avocado, Avocado Pear, Alligator Pear
|USDA Hardiness Zone
|7 - 11
|Canadian Hardiness Zone
|Requires cold season protection under glass.
|RHS Hardiness Zone
|H1c - H6
|-20 - 10
|-4 - 50
|A dense, broad and fast growing evergreen tree.
|Grown as windbreaks and in gardens for their nutritious and delicious fruit.
|Plant in full sun to partial shade, with deep, rich, moist but well-drained soil. Not salt or urban tolerant.
|Upright broad shape.
|Edible avocado fruit.
|Avocado looper, pyriform scale, dictyospermum scale, avocado red mites, borers, Xylosandrus spp., avocado lace bugs and red-banded thrips.
|Hot-humid forested areas and tropical lowlands.
|Shallowly ridged and furrowed on old trunks. The ridges become increasingly scaly with age.
|Flower/Leaf Bud Description
|Single axillary buds are found in the axils of each leaf. When the avocado's apical meristems become dormant, the formation of terminal buds may occur. Dormant axillary buds are covered in bud scales.
|Alternately-growing leaves with an entire margin. They have an elliptic shape with pinnate venation. The leaves grow between 7.5 - 40 cm long.
|200 - 300 small, blooms appear on terminal panicles. The flowers are perfect with male and female reproductive parts and are not particularly showy. The flowers are 1 - 1.3 cm in length.
|Subglobose in shape. Grow from 7.5 - 33 cm long and up to 15 cm wide.
|Mature avocado trees have dark green leaves, while young trees are reddish-green. The bark is a grey-brown. Flowers are yellowish-green. The avocado fruit can be a lighter glossy green when unripe, which then turn to a dark green-purple colour when ripe.
|Medium to coarse.
|Centennial Conservatory, Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada.
|Propagation by grafting or seed.
|Ethnobotanical Uses (Disclaimer)
|The flesh of the avocado fruit is a very energy-rich food when eaten fresh. The leaves can be used to make spice. Edible oil can be extracted from the flesh of an avocado fruit used in the cosmetic industry.